The pressure on shippers to sustainably move products to market continues to grow. This pressure exists across many areas of the supply chain—from sustainably sourcing raw materials to offering more environmentally friendly or natural final products. Transportation emissions are no exception to this.
Shippers Need Partnerships to Navigate Emissions Goals
In 2019, the transportation sector surpassed power generation as the highest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the United States. Within the transportation sector, emissions from medium- and heavy-duty vehicles have accounted for the most growth of transportation GHG emissions in the past decade.
Read more about how sustainability initiatives in transportation are evolving here.
This puts shippers in a position that could incite great advances in sustainability. For shippers on Fuel Recovery, Breakthrough has access to valuable data that can directly influence sustainable reporting and initiatives in transportation.
Breakthrough works with clients to reduce their overall emissions by:
- Accurately accounting for commercial vehicle emissions
- Identifying mode conversion opportunities
- Implementing strategies to lower the carbon intensity of transportation fuels
Accurately Accounting for Commercial Vehicle Efficiency
To best make improvements to transportation tailpipe emissions, shippers must first understand the intricacies of their fleet make up in their current state. Once that groundwork is laid they can better report what initiatives are driving more sustainable change. Breakthrough uses publicly available data to paint the most accurate picture of your carriers’ fuel efficiencies so that shippers have a reliable baseline accounting of how much their freight is actually emitting when transported over the road.
And carrier fuel efficiencies are often now what shippers believe them to be. Truck manufacturers continually develop technologies that produce more efficient vehicles for their clients, despite the perception that commercial trucks are proverbially inefficient. These innovations produce roughly a 3 percent increase in fuel efficiency annually.
One factor that is important to consider is fleet age. Older vehicles rely on older technology, so fuel efficiency is in line with standards set years ago. As new tractors are introduced to the fleet, they are more likely to contain technologies that make them more efficient.
Most fuel efficiency gains come from improving the aerodynamics of the vehicle, advancing engine technology, and a higher-level of vehicle autonomy. The 2019 Freightliner Cascadia (below) is an example of new aerodynamics and Level 2 Autonomy to gain fuel efficiency.
Another trend in commercial transportation is the increasing adoption of aftermarket products that drive fuel efficiency. Aftermarket products include trailer skirts and auto-inflation systems for tires for efficiency on the road but are also expanding to include anti-idle technology and auxiliary power units (APU) to limit fuel consumption when the vehicle is not in motion.
Fleets can more easily set engine parameters to ensure a truck operates in the most efficient manner for its duty cycle. The adoption of electronic logging devices (ELDs) has also brought fuel savings potential, including better monitoring of drivers’ impacts on fuel efficiency and better visibility for load planning. Lastly, the adoption of higher levels of autonomy can better optimize vehicle performance for efficiency.
Organizations like the North American Council for Freight Efficiency (NACFE) provide industry guidance for carriers about the dynamic technology landscape facing the trucking industry. Well-managed carriers will best increase their fuel efficiency by employing multiple technologies to best-fit the needs and characteristics of their fleets.
Breakthrough helps clients understand how their unique freight characteristics and currently available vehicle technologies impact the fuel efficiency of their network. As these new technologies and tractors are introduced to fleets, they will contribute to overall fleet efficiency, which is important to understand and account for in fuel reimbursements and reporting.
This provides more transparency into the emissions of moving goods to market, and creates opportunity for continuous improvement of a shipper’s for-hire or dedicated truckload network. Breakthrough also works to educate clients with private fleets to better understand their equipment specifications and places to improve their fleet efficiency.
Optimizing Transportation Modes to Drive Efficiency
Having a baseline understanding of truckload emissions is only part of the equation, because most shippers have much more complex transportation networks. Rail makes up a significant portion of many shippers’ strategies, and this, too, can be a black box when it comes to accounting for and abating emissions.
Moving goods via rail can cut fuel consumption and emissions by over one-half compared to the same truckload shipment. Breakthrough Fuel Recovery accurately prices intermodal shipments to track the fuel consumption of both the over-the-road and rail sections of the journey. This enables more transparency to the price and environmental implications of intermodal freight, ultimately bringing full visibility of the benefits to shippers.
Beyond bringing accuracy and transparency to intermodal accounting, identifying modal conversion opportunities within each shippers’ network can introduce new emissions savings. When making intermodal recommendations, Breakthrough considers both the emissions benefit and the combined fuel and freight costs to ensure mode conversions meet a shipper’s sustainability goals and financial strategies.
Identifying modal conversions is on-going, because the nature of fuel and freight prices are volatile, and new opportunities emerge regularly. As major railroads adjust their strategies—as we currently see with the wide-spread adoption of Precision Scheduled Railroading (PSR)— complexity is added which brings value to Breakthrough’s ongoing research and continual access to a shipper’s network data.
Breakthrough’s support also extends beyond the modes of truckload and intermodal. Breakthrough’s Maritime Fuel Management offering brings visibility to the cost, consumption, and emissions of specific fuel types along specific trade lanes. This allows shippers to accurately reflect the energy and emissions requirements of moving their goods to market.
Creating and Informing Low-Carbon Transportation Strategies
There is a growing push for alternative solutions to fossil fuel use in transportation. The excitement and momentum behind technologies like battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) captures many headlines but make up less than one percent of overall commercial transportation energy consumption.
Breakthrough works with clients to provide unbiased information about the opportunity to implement alternative energy options (highlighted below), can assist in implementing alternative strategies effectively for your network, and provides on-going program management through Breakthrough Fuel Recovery.
Breakthrough has an established track record in implementing and managing shipper-led strategies for alternative fuels like compressed natural gas (CNG) and biodiesel. These programs accurately account for the emissions benefits of the lower-carbon fuels, and capture incentives that improve the financial viability of these fuels. The collaboration of shippers, carriers, and fuel providers have also created long-term strategic partnerships that continue to promote emissions-reducing objectives.
BEVs and FCEVs have a promising future across all duty cycles of transportation, but also have their fair share of challenges. Breakthrough works with shippers to best understand the tradeoffs of these emerging technologies, while creating realistic roadmaps for the piloting or commercialization of zero-emissions vehicles (ZEVs). To provide better information about these strategies, Breakthrough’s team stays up to date on alternative technology developments—like the work being done by Nikola Motors—to keep shippers on the leading edge.
Breakthrough believes that a low-carbon future will also involve a shift in focus from tailpipe emissions to lifecycle emissions. This includes considerations for how energy is sourced and refined, on top of its emissions when used in the operation of a vehicle. For CNG vehicles, this means tracking whether the natural gas is a fossil fuel or if it was made from renewable sources (like landfills or dairy waste).
For emerging technologies like BEVs—which have no tailpipe emissions—it will require tracking where the electricity was created – for example from renewable energy sources like wind or water or from a fossil fuel like coal. Breakthrough brings tailpipe and lifecycle considerations into the alternative fuel strategies of shippers. Ultimately, this allows for better tracking of overall energy emissions and the potential to capitalize on carbon credits or incentives for making low-carbon choices.
Using Accurate Data to Drive Sustainable Transportation Strategies
Breakthrough is committed to helping shippers reduce the cost, consumption, and emissions of moving goods to market. The emissions component of this commitment will continue to increase in importance through the evolution of public perception, technology innovation, and policy adoption. Shippers that work with Breakthrough gain the benefits of accurately accounting for commercial vehicle efficiencies, modal conversion optimization, and shipper-led alternative energy strategies. These benefits include an unbiased view on the energy market that stays on the leading edge of this evolution.